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Eurobarometer 2013 Summary Report

By: Nathalie Smeeman

Price: Free

In 2007, the White Paper on Sport was issued by the European Commission as the first policy document addressing sport on behalf of the European Union. The Lisbon Treaty, into force since December 2009, introduced a specific article, namely Article 165 TFEU, which gave the EU a new supporting competence for sport. This article entails provisions for promoting European sporting issues and calls for EU action to develop the European dimension in sport. In early 2011, the Commission adopted a Communication entitled "Developing the European Dimension in Sport" providing for specific actions regarding the societal role of sport, sport's economic dimension and the organisation of sport. Based on this Communication, the Council adopted a Resolution on an EU Work Plan for Sport 2011-2014, which further strengthened European cooperation on sport by setting priorities for EU level work engaging the EU Member States and the Commission. The EU Work Plan identified the social values of sport, in particular the promotion of participation in sport and physical activity among the priority themes. To implement the Work Plan, work at the expert level inter alia focused on providing input to the questionnaire of the present Eurobarometer. In 2012, the Council adopted conclusions on promoting health-enhancing physical activity and on strengthening the evidence-base for sport policy making, both calling on the Commission to issue regular surveys on sport and physical activity. Following a proposal from the Commission, for the first time, financial support for sport is now included in form of a specific chapter in Erasmus+, the new EU programme for education, training, youth and sport for the period 2014-2020. In May 2014, the Council is expected to adopt a new multiannual EU Work Plan for Sport. The strengthening of the evidence base for sport policy-making is also likely to remain a key principle under this new Work Plan. This Eurobarometer survey, which follows on from comparable surveys conducted in 2002 and 2009, will contribute to providing some of the data to support the developing policy framework for promoting sport and physical activity described above. Moreover, it will allow policy makers, researchers and other interested parties to deliver trend analysis on various matters compared to 11 and 4 years respectively. This survey was carried out by TNS Opinion & Social network in the 28 Member States of the European Union between 23 November and 2 December 2013. Some 27.919 respondents from different social and demographic groups were interviewed face-to-face at home in their mother tongue on behalf of the Directorate-General for Education and Culture ("Sport" Unit). The methodology used is that of Eurobarometer surveys1 as carried out by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer” Unit).